"The trickiest of the cracks to get our heads around is the “connected divide,” separating those who are proficient in collaborative, creative and connected social networks and those who are not. It is growing exponentially wider on a daily basis. ... [C]onnectedness will define the value of education over the next generation" (¶7, 2011.07.27).
One of many spelling, vocabulary, and writing resources on the Vocabulary and Spelling City site, this page explains, "Asking a child to write about something that matters to him [sic] right now is a powerful motivator. This is where writing prompts come in. Writing prompts are simply ideas or subjects offered as a foundation for students to build a writing assignment on" (¶3, 2011.07.25). It includes tips for preparing writing prompts as well as examples for elementary, middle school, and high school students. Thanks to Cara Whitehead (Learning with Computers) for pointing out this site.
Euromonitor International. (2010). The Benefits of the English Language for Individuals and Societies: Quantitative Indicators from Cameroon, Nigeria, Rwanda, Bangladesh and Pakistan. Retrieved July 7, 2011, from http://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/sites/teacheng/files/Euromonitor%20Report%20A4.pdf
Lotbinière highlights a Euromonitor report for the British Councl representing "data from five target countries: three with linguistic links to Britain through colonialism, Nigeria, Bangladesh and Pakistan, and two with a stronger French-language colonial legacy, Cameroon and Rwanda" (¶3, retrieved 2011.07.07).
Lotbinière, Max de. (2011). Research backs English as key to development. Guardian Weekly, July 5, 2011. Retrieved July 7, 2011, from: http://www.guardian.co.uk/education/2011/jul/05/research-backs-english-language-delotbiniere
Searchable by subject or template, this site facilitates creation of "free educational games, quizzes, activities and diagrams in seconds!" (2011.07.04).
Fakebook [new] Arcade Game Generator Random Name Picker Countdown Timer Twister Keyword Checker Plagiarizr Dustbin Game Telescopic Topic Post It Diamond 9 Fishbone (Ishikawa) Venn Diagram Animated Book Timeline Lights Out Target Hamburger Living Graph Learning Cycle Jigsaw Diagram Priority Chart Source Analyser
Test performance data in this study suggest that nonnative varieties of English can be used as listening test input while attitude questionnaire results go counter.
These findings support most of the previous research in this area.
Until research shows that the use of nonnative English as input is irrelevant to the construct of listening, we may be unable to use such input in testing, especially in high-stakes tests such as TOEFL and IELTS.
As nonnative speech gains recognition among language users and test takers, we hope the attitudes and perceptions toward the use of these varieties of English will change.